A Concise Dictionary of Architectural Terms (Dover Architecture)

By John Henry Parker

John Henry Parker's remarkably undying dictionary of structure, first released in 1846, turned so successful that he persisted to revise it for a number of years. A profusely illustrated handbook that's important as a reference or as a transportable advisor on visits to old constructions, this authoritative word list of approximately 500 phrases utilized in Greek, Roman, Italian, and Gothic structure continues to be hugely instructive and informative.
Accurate engravings supplement a few of the author's incisive descriptions — from a buttress in Glastonbury Abbey to zig-zag mouldings in a Norman doorway. prolonged entries disguise arches, home windows, tombs, and different architectural components; whereas shorter notes outline much less time-honored phrases reminiscent of cavetto, dado, and embrasure.
An necessary reference for architects and scholars of structure, the textual content incorporates a topographical index to the illustrations, picking out the various British cathedrals, castles, and parish church buildings used as examples.

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Croc = a hook), projecting leaves, plants, or bunches of foliage, utilized in Gothic structure to accessorize the angles of spires, canopies, pinnacles, &c. ; also they are often stumbled on on gables, and at the weather-mouldings of doorways and home windows, and in different related occasions: sometimes they're used between vertical mouldings, as at Lincoln Cathedral, the place they run up the mullions of the home windows of the tower, and the perimeters of a few of the arches, yet they don't seem to be hired in horizontal events. they're utilized in suites, and are put at equivalent distances aside: the kinds are innumerable. The earliest crockets are to be present in the Early English sort; and they consist both of small leaves or relatively lengthy stalks, or bunches of leaves curled again whatever just like the head of a bishop’s pastoral criminal; yet they weren't used until eventually overdue during this variety. COUPLE shut. See Roof. COUTES (in armour). See illustrations to Brass. COVIE, COVEY, a pantry. CRADLE-VAULT. See Cylindrical Vault. CRAMP-IRON, iron bent at every one finish for fastening stones jointly in a construction. CRESSET, an open body for a lantern to function a beacon. Hereford Cathedral, c. 1250. Kidlington, Oxfordshire, c. 1350. Choir, Lincoln Cathedral, c. 1200. Litcham, Norfolk, c. 1450. adorned crockets range significantly; the main traditional shape is that of a large leaf with the sides connected to the moulding on which it truly is put, and the center half and aspect raised. within the Perpendicular kind this is often the main known shape, yet they aren't unfrequently made similar to flat sq. leaves, that are united with the mouldings through the stalk and one aspect in simple terms. In a number of circumstances, animals and figures are utilized in position of crockets, as in Henry the Seventh’s chapel. Southwell Minister, A. D. 1320. move (Lat. Crux), the standard image of the Christian faith. the adaptation among the Latin and Greek style is, that during the Roman go the foot is longer than the higher half or the branches; or, in different phrases, the shaft or upright component is longer than the horizontal bar which crosses it, giving because it have been the shape of a guy status with hands prolonged. within the japanese shape, nevertheless, the limbs or palms are all equivalent. The Latin pass is meant to resemble the particular move of Christ, however the kind of the Greek move is taken into account excellent. As an architectural decoration in church buildings and spiritual edifices it was once normally positioned upon the issues of the gables, the shape various significantly based on the fashion of the structure and the nature of the construction; a lot of those crosses are tremendous dependent and decorative, and contemplating the animosity displayed by way of the Puritans opposed to the representations of the sacred image, extra gable crosses are closing than could be anticipated. It was once additionally very usually carved on gravestones, and was once brought in quite a few methods one of the of church buildings. Warmington, Northants. A. D. 1250. criminal. See Knee. CROPE, oldword usedforafinial. go OF CONSTANTINE. See Labarum. A small move (which used to be usually a crucifix) was once positioned upon the altar, and was once frequently of a high priced fabric: crosses have been additionally carried in spiritual processions upon lengthy staves.

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