Computer Science

Stochastic Local Search : Foundations & Applications (The Morgan Kaufmann Series in Artificial Intelligence)

By Holger H. Hoos, Thomas Stutzle

Stochastic neighborhood seek (SLS) algorithms are one of the such a lot admired and profitable recommendations for fixing computationally tricky difficulties in lots of parts of machine technology and operations study, together with propositional satisfiability, constraint pride, routing, and scheduling. SLS algorithms have additionally turn into more and more well known for fixing difficult combinatorial difficulties in lots of program parts, corresponding to e-commerce and bioinformatics.

Hoos and Stutzle provide the 1st systematic and unified therapy of SLS algorithms. during this groundbreaking new publication, they research the final innovations and particular cases of SLS algorithms and punctiliously examine their improvement, research and alertness. The dialogue specializes in the main profitable SLS equipment and explores their underlying ideas, homes, and lines. This publication supplies hands-on adventure with one of the most frequent seek concepts, and offers readers with the mandatory knowing and abilities to exploit this strong instrument.

*Provides the 1st unified view of the field.
*Offers an in depth assessment of cutting-edge stochastic neighborhood seek algorithms and their applications.
*Presents and applies a sophisticated empirical technique for reading the habit of SLS algorithms.
*A significant other web site bargains lecture slides in addition to resource code and Java applets for exploring and demonstrating SLS algorithms.

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Abstraction in Artificial Intelligence and Complex Systems

By Jean-Daniel Zucker

Abstraction is a primary mechanism underlying either human and synthetic conception, illustration of data, reasoning and studying. This mechanism performs a very important function in lots of disciplines, particularly computing device Programming, typical and synthetic imaginative and prescient, complicated platforms, man made Intelligence and computer studying, artwork, and Cognitive Sciences. This e-book first offers the reader with an outline of the notions of abstraction proposed in numerous disciplines by way of evaluating either commonalities and differences.  After discussing the characterizing homes of abstraction, a proper version, the KRA model, is gifted to trap them. This version makes the concept of abstraction simply acceptable via the advent of a collection of abstraction operators and abstraction styles, reusable throughout diversified domain names and purposes. it's the influence of abstraction in man made Intelligence, complicated platforms and computing device studying which creates the center of the book.  A basic framework, in response to the KRA model, is gifted, and its pragmatic strength is illustrated with 3 case reports: Model-based analysis, Cartographic  Generalization, and studying Hierarchical Hidden Markov types.

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The Algorithm Design Manual

Most expert programmers that I’ve encountered will not be ready to take on set of rules layout difficulties. it is a pity, as the innovations of set of rules layout shape one of many middle functional applied sciences of laptop technology. Designing right, effective, and implementable algorithms for real-world difficulties calls for entry to 2 certain our bodies of data: • suggestions – reliable set of rules designers comprehend a number of basic set of rules layout ideas, together with facts buildings, dynamic programming, intensity first seek, backtracking, and heuristics. possibly the one most crucial layout approach is modeling, the artwork of abstracting a messy real-world software right into a fresh challenge appropriate for algorithmic assault. • assets – strong set of rules designers stand at the shoulders of giants. instead of laboring from scratch to provide a brand new set of rules for each activity, they could work out what's identified a couple of specific challenge. instead of re-implementing well known algorithms from scratch, they search present implementations to function a kick off point. they're acquainted with many vintage algorithmic difficulties, which offer adequate resource fabric to version such a lot any software. This e-book is meant as a handbook on set of rules layout, delivering entry to combinatorial set of rules know-how for either scholars and desktop professionals.

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TCP/IP Sockets in C#: Practical Guide for Programmers (The Practical Guides)

By Michael J. Donahoo, Kenneth L. Calvert

"TCP/IP sockets in C# is a superb ebook for someone drawn to writing community purposes utilizing Microsoft .Net frameworks. it's a designated blend of good written concise textual content and wealthy rigorously chosen set of operating examples. For the newbie of community programming, it is a strong beginning e-book; nonetheless pros make the most of very good convenient pattern code snippets and fabric on issues like message parsing and asynchronous programming."
Adarsh Khare, SDT, .Net Frameworks staff, Microsoft Corporation

The acclaim for the C# language and the .NET framework is ever emerging as a result of its ease of use, the wide category libraries on hand within the .NET Framework, and the ubiquity of the Microsoft home windows working method, to call a number of merits. TCP/IP Sockets in C# specializes in the Sockets API, the de facto ordinary for writing community purposes in any programming language. beginning with basic shopper and server courses that use TCP/IP (the net protocol suite), scholars and practitioners quick examine the fundamentals and flow directly to firsthand adventure with complicated themes together with non-blocking sockets, multiplexing, threads, asynchronous programming, and multicasting. Key community programming recommendations equivalent to framing, functionality and deadlocks are illustrated via hands-on examples. utilizing an in depth but transparent, concise method, this publication comprises quite a few code examples and targeted discussions to supply a superior knowing of programming TCP/IP sockets in C#.

Features
*Tutorial-based guide in key sockets programming innovations complemented through quite a few code examples all through
*Discussion strikes speedy into the C# Sockets API definition and code examples, fascinating when you are looking to get up-to-speed quickly
*Important insurance of "under the hood" information that builders will locate precious whilst growing and utilizing a socket or a better point TCP type that makes use of sockets
*Includes end-of-chapter routines to facilitate studying, in addition to pattern code to be had for obtain on the book’s better half site

*Tutorial-based guide in key sockets programming ideas complemented by way of various code examples all through

*Discussion strikes speedy into the C# Sockets API definition and code examples, fascinating should you are looking to get up-to-speed quickly

*Important assurance of "under the hood" info that builders will locate beneficial while growing and utilizing a socket or the next point TCP classification that makes use of sockets

*Includes end-of-chapter workouts to facilitate studying, in addition to pattern code to be had for obtain on the book's better half website

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Purely Functional Data Structures

By Chris Okasaki

So much books on facts buildings imagine an primary language equivalent to C or C++. even though, facts constructions for those languages don't consistently translate good to sensible languages comparable to typical ML, Haskell, or Scheme. This publication describes facts buildings from the viewpoint of sensible languages, with examples, and provides layout recommendations that permit programmers to advance their very own useful facts constructions. the writer contains either classical information buildings, akin to red-black timber and binomial queues, and a bunch of latest info constructions built solely for sensible languages. All resource code is given in usual ML and Haskell, and many of the courses are simply adaptable to different useful languages. this useful reference for pro programmers operating with useful languages can be used as an educational or for self-study.

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Understanding Cryptography: A Textbook for Students and Practitioners

By Christof Paar, Jan Pelzl

Cryptography is now ubiquitous – relocating past the conventional environments, resembling executive communications and banking platforms, we see cryptographic concepts learned in net browsers, e mail courses, cellphones, production platforms, embedded software program, shrewdpermanent constructions, vehicles, or even clinical implants. state-of-the-art designers desire a complete figuring out of utilized cryptography.

After an creation to cryptography and information defense, the authors clarify the most thoughts in sleek cryptography, with chapters addressing circulate ciphers, the information Encryption average (DES) and 3DES, the complex Encryption usual (AES), block ciphers, the RSA cryptosystem, public-key cryptosystems in response to the discrete logarithm challenge, elliptic-curve cryptography (ECC), electronic signatures, hash services, Message Authentication Codes (MACs), and techniques for key institution, together with certificate and public-key infrastructure (PKI). in the course of the publication, the authors concentrate on speaking the necessities and preserving the math to a minimal, and so they stream speedy from explaining the principles to describing functional implementations, together with fresh issues comparable to light-weight ciphers for RFIDs and cellular units, and present key-length recommendations.

The authors have significant event educating utilized cryptography to engineering and computing device technological know-how scholars and to execs, they usually make vast use of examples, difficulties, and bankruptcy stories, whereas the book’s site deals slides, initiatives and hyperlinks to extra assets. this can be a compatible textbook for graduate and complex undergraduate classes and likewise for self-study via engineers.

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Computational Aspects of Cooperative Game Theory (Synthesis Lectures on Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning)

By Michael Wooldridge

Cooperative video game concept is a department of (micro-)economics that experiences the habit of self-interested brokers in strategic settings the place binding agreements between brokers are attainable. Our objective during this ebook is to give a survey of labor at the computational features of cooperative video game thought. we commence via officially defining transferable application video games in attribute functionality shape, and introducing key answer strategies similar to the center and the Shapley price. We then talk about significant matters that come up while contemplating such video games from a computational viewpoint: determining compact representations for video games, and the heavily similar challenge of efficiently computing answer concepts for video games. We survey a number of formalisms for cooperative video games which have been proposed within the literature, together with, for instance, cooperative video games outlined on networks, in addition to common compact illustration schemes similar to MC-nets and ability video games. As a close case learn, we ponder weighted vote casting video games: a widely-used and virtually very important type of cooperative video games that inherently have a usual compact illustration. We examine the complexity of answer thoughts for such video games, and generalizations of them.

We in short talk about video games with non-transferable application and partition functionality video games. We then evaluate algorithms for opting for welfare-maximizing coalition buildings and techniques utilized by rational brokers to shape coalitions (even below uncertainty), together with bargaining algorithms. We finish by means of contemplating a few constructing subject matters, purposes, and destiny examine instructions.

desk of Contents: creation / easy thoughts / Representations and Algorithms / Weighted vote casting video games / past attribute functionality video games / Coalition constitution Formation / complex issues

"This manuscript used to be a excitement to find, and a excitement to learn -- a extensive, yet succinct, review of labor in computational cooperative video game conception. i'm going to definitely use this article with my very own scholars, either inside classes and to supply complete heritage for college kids in my study workforce. The authors have made a considerable contribution to the multiagent platforms and algorithmic online game idea communities." --Professor Jeffrey S. Rosenschein, The Hebrew college of Jerusalem, Israel

"With the appearance of the net, the computational facets of cooperative online game thought are ever extra correct. This certain and well timed publication via Chalkiadakis, Elkind, and Wooldridge supplies a concise and finished survey of the topic, and serves even as a one-stop creation to cooperative online game theory." --Professor Bernhard von Stengel, London college of Economics, united kingdom

"In contemporary years, examine at the computational features of cooperative online game thought has made super development, yet prior textbooks haven't integrated greater than a quick advent to this crucial subject. i'm fascinated with the thorough therapy during this new publication, whose authors were and stay on the very leading edge of this learn. newbies to the world are good recommended to learn this publication conscientiously and canopy to cover." --Professor Vincent Conitzer, Duke collage, united states

"Cooperative video game idea has proved to be a fertile resource of demanding situations and idea for computing device scientists. This publication can be an important spouse for everybody eager to discover the computational points of cooperative video game theory." --Prof Makoto Yokoo, Kyushu college, Japan

"An first-class treatise on algorithms and complexity for cooperative video games. It navigates throughout the maze of cooperative resolution options to the very frontiers of algorithmic online game idea research.The final bankruptcy particularly can be drastically worthwhile for graduate scholars and younger researchers trying to find learn topics." --Professor Xiaotie Deng, collage of Liverpool, UK

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Using OpenMP: Portable Shared Memory Parallel Programming (Scientific and Engineering Computation)

By Barbara Chapman, Ruud van der Pas

"I wish that readers will discover ways to use the whole expressibility and gear of OpenMP. This ebook should still supply an outstanding creation to newcomers, and the functionality part can help people with a few event who are looking to push OpenMP to its limits." -- from the foreword through David J. Kuck, Intel Fellow, software program and recommendations team, and Director, Parallel and dispensed ideas, Intel Corporation

OpenMP, a transportable programming interface for shared reminiscence parallel pcs, was once followed as an off-the-cuff general in 1997 by means of machine scientists who sought after a unified version on which to base courses for shared reminiscence structures. OpenMP is now utilized by many software program builders; it bargains major merits over either hand-threading and MPI. Using OpenMP deals a entire advent to parallel programming recommendations and an in depth evaluation of OpenMP.

Using OpenMP discusses advancements, describes the place OpenMP is acceptable, and compares OpenMP to different programming interfaces for shared and dispensed reminiscence parallel architectures. It introduces the person gains of OpenMP, presents many resource code examples that show the use and performance of the language constructs, and provides tips about writing an effective OpenMP application. It describes tips on how to use OpenMP in full-scale functions to accomplish excessive functionality on large-scale architectures, discussing a number of case experiences intimately, and gives in-depth troubleshooting suggestion. It explains how OpenMP is translated into explicitly multithreaded code, offering a worthwhile behind-the-scenes account of OpenMP software functionality. eventually, Using OpenMP considers tendencies more likely to effect OpenMP improvement, providing a glimpse of the probabilities of a destiny OpenMP 3.0 from the vantage element of the present OpenMP 2.5. With multicore laptop use expanding, the necessity for a accomplished advent and evaluation of the normal interface is apparent.

Using OpenMP offers an important reference not just for college students at either undergraduate and graduate degrees but additionally for pros who intend to parallelize present codes or increase new parallel courses for shared reminiscence desktop architectures.

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Concise Guide to Databases: A Practical Introduction (Undergraduate Topics in Computer Science)

This easy-to-read textbook/reference offers a accomplished creation to databases, commencing with a concise heritage of databases and of information as an organisational asset. As relational database administration structures aren't any longer the one database answer, the publication takes a much broader view of database expertise, encompassing massive information, NoSQL, item and object-relational and in-memory databases. The textual content additionally examines the problems of scalability, availability, functionality and safety encountered while construction and working a database within the actual international. themes and lines: offers overview and dialogue questions on the finish of every bankruptcy, as well as skill-building, hands-on workouts; introduces the elemental techniques and applied sciences in database platforms, putting those in an historical context; describes the demanding situations confronted via database pros; studies using quite a few database forms in company environments; discusses components for extra learn inside of this fast-moving area.

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