Chinese Architecture and Metaphor: Song Culture in the Yingzao Fashi Building Manual (Spatial Habitus: Making and Meaning in Asia's Architecture)

By Jiren Feng

Investigating the old culture of chinese language architectural writing from antiquity to the 12th century, Chinese structure and Metaphor unearths major and engaging social and cultural phenomena within the most crucial fundamental textual content for the learn of the chinese language development culture. in contrast to past scholarship, which has reviewed this imperially commissioned architectural guide mostly as a technical paintings, this quantity considers the Yingzao fashi’s detailed literary price and explores the wealthy cultural implications in and in the back of its technical content.

Utilizing a philological strategy, the writer can pay specific awareness to the normal and modern architectural terminology provided within the Yingzao fashi. In studying the semantic that means of the architectural phrases utilized in the handbook, he uncovers a scientific architectural metaphor in which bracketing components are likened to plants, flowering branches, and foliage: hence pillars with bracketing above are in comparison to blossoming timber. extra importantly, this fascinating imagery used to be shared by means of varied social teams, specifically craftsmen and literati, and craftsmen themselves hired literary wisdom in naming architectural parts. touching on those phenomena to the remarkable flourishing of literature, the literati’s larger admiration of technical wisdom, and the better highbrow means of craftsmen through the tune, Architecture and Metaphor demonstrates how the discovered and “unlearned” cultures entangled within the development of architectural wisdom in premodern China. It convincingly exhibits that technical language served as a loyal provider of latest pop culture and aesthetic concepts.

Chinese structure and Metaphor demonstrates a excessive point of engagement with a huge spectrum of subtle chinese language assets. it's going to develop into a vintage paintings for all scholars and students of East Asian architecture.

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2. See Si Dai et al. , Yonghua shixuan, 217. three. stated in Chen Fuhua, Gudai Hanyu cidian, 1975, access for yun 暈. four. Si Dai et al. , Yonghua shixuan, 434. five. Ibid. , 397. 6. Wen Ruxian, Cixuan, 403. 158 chinese language structure AND METAPHOR Literati Perceptions of Brackets: The Fulcrum 櫨 of a Bracket Set corresponding to the “Base of the Flower’s Ovary” 華房之蒂 music craftsmen weren't by myself in perceiving bracketing as “flowers,” “branches,” “leaves,” and “petals. ” Literary texts exhibit that modern literati additionally conceived bracket units as flowers. The second-century personality dictionary Shuowen jiezi comprises factors of a few architectural phrases, one in all that is lu 櫨, the capital block in bracketing: “櫨、柱上柎也”53 (Lu [cap block] is a fu on most sensible of a column). even if in quite a few texts from the Han and Three-Kingdoms to the Tang sessions, the time period lu is used additionally to symbolize generically all bearing blocks, together with these small ones sitting at the ends of a bracket arm,54 this Shuowen jiezi definition—probably the earliest gloss of lu—does now not define it because the small blocks on a bracket arm. particularly, with the phrases “zhu shang” 柱上 (on best of a column), lu here's glossed as a component or a constitution put in at once on most sensible of a column—most most probably the cap block, or no less than the constitution made from the cap block and supported through a column (apparently, the sort of constitution often is the bracket set sitting at the cap block). The YZFS charges this Shuowen jiezi gloss as one of many conventional texts on dou 枓 (blocks) in its terminology sections and obviously phrases a cap block ludou 櫨枓 (lu block, cap block). fifty five in truth, the which means of the time period lu tended to refer extra specifically to “capital blocks” through the post-Tang interval and have become an official and customary time period for “capital blocks” from the Northern tune interval on the newest. The Shuowen jiezi’s gloss of lu as a fu on best of a column is preserved in significant works on chinese language characters and classics from the Han to track sessions. those works comprise the third-century dictionary Zilin 字林 (Forest of characters),56 the sixth-century dictionary Yupian,57 the real remark of the Sui-Tang interval at the classics Jingdian shiwen 經典 釋文 (Explanations of the meanings of the classics),58 the Southern Tang etymological paintings Shuowen xizhuan 說文系傳 (A systematic observation at the Shuowen [jiezi]),59 and the official Northern tune dictionary Leipian 類篇 (Conforming to [the ordinary of ] the Yupian). 60 What used to be a fu 柎? The Shuowen jiezi textual content doesn't clarify it without delay during this gloss, and neither does the YZFS. notwithstanding, within the 10th century, Xu Kai wrote a observation in this Shuowen jiezi gloss in his Shuowen xizhuan, which reads as follows: THE YINGZAO FASHI ARCHITECTURAL TERMINOLOGY (I) 今謂草木枝端華房之蒂為柎、 此櫨象之、 即今之枓栱也。 sixty one these days the bottom of a flower ovary on the ends of branches of crops is termed fu, and the lu [cap block] resembles it; [which is] particularly the bracketing of at the present time. Fu, as Xu Kai explains, is the bottom of a flower ovary (huafang zhi di 華 房之蒂), that's, the ground of a flower.

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