By Anabel Ford, Ronald Nigh
The normal knowledge says that the devolution of vintage Maya civilization happened simply because its inhabitants grew too huge and dense to be supported via primitive neotropical farming equipment, leading to debilitating famines and internecine struggles. utilizing examine on modern Maya farming ideas and critical new archaeological examine, Ford and Nigh refute this Malthusian clarification of occasions in historic imperative the USA and posit an intensive substitute idea. The authors-show that historic Maya farmers constructed creative, sustainable forest innovations to domesticate a variety of foodstuff crops (including the staple maize);-examine either modern tropical farming innovations and the archaeological checklist (particularly concerning weather) to arrive their conclusions;-make the argument that those historic ideas, nonetheless in use this day, can aid major populations over lengthy classes of time.
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Additional resources for The Maya Forest Garden: Eight Millennia of Sustainable Cultivation of the Tropical Woodlands (New Frontiers in Historical Ecology)
Watson tree ts’uk tok majagua Fabaceae Harvardia albicans (Kunth. ) Britton & Rose tree chucum Olacaceae Heisteria media S. F. Blake shrub or tree silion copalche macho, nance cimarron wild cinnamon Malvaceae Heliocarpus americanus L. tree chai majaguillo, majagua broadleaf, moho Chrysobalanaceae Hirtella shrub racemosa Lam. or tree chilimis, luyamche grenada, palo de escoba blossom berry, wild pigeon plum Lamiaceae Hyptis verticillata Jacq. shrub or tree shkot kwai san martin, hoja de martin john charles Fabaceae Inga jinicuil tree bitz jinicuil shimbillo, jinicui 198 The Maya woodland backyard relatives Species behavior Maya universal Names Spanish universal Names English universal Names Euphorbiaceae Jacaratia mexicana A. DC. tree k’umché bonete Euphorbiaceae Jatropha curcas shrub L. or tree sikir te tuerca de barbados barbados nut, purging nut, physic nut Euphorbiaceae Jatropha guameri Greenm. shrub or tree chipche, pomolche piñon hazel nut, wild physic nut Asteraceae Koanophyllon albicaule Sch. Bip. ex Klatt shrub or tree socha, xolexnuc cordoncillo negro black piper Asteraceae Lasianthaea fruticosa (L. ) okay. M. Becker shrub or tree ish-ta, shtipe, zta-ach margarita del monte margarita Fabaceae Leucaena leucocephala (Lam. ) de Wit. tree guaxin guaje white leadtree, white popinac Chryobalanaceae Licania platypus (Hemsley) Fritsch tree sonzapote succotz, sunco, urraco, sakatz monkey apple, sansapote, mesonsapote Fabaceae Lonchocarpus tree castilloi Kunth manchich manchiche black cabbage bark Fabaceae Lonchocarpus minimiflorus Donn. Sm. tree manchich palo de guzano white cabbage bark Lonchocarpus yucatanensis Pittier tree ya’ax xu’ul lumber, honey, drugs appendix b 199 kin Species behavior Maya universal Names Spanish universal Names English universal Names Malvaceae Luehea tree speciosa Willd. k’an kaat tepecacao luchea Fabaceae Lysiloma auritum (Schltdl. ) Benth tree tsu tamborcillo, palo de sangre, quebracho bastard mahogany Fabaceae Lysiloma latisiliquum (L. ) Benth. tree tzalam, salom chalan, salam Rubiaceae Machaonia lindeniana Baill. shrub or tree k’uch’eel, k’an pok’ool che’, tank’an che’ Annonaceae Malmea depressa (Baill. ) R. E. Fr. tree elemuil, eremuel, eremuilitzimul, x-elemuy sufrekaya, sufricaya wild espresso, che-che, leader of herbs, lancewood Malpighiaceae Malpighia glabra L. shrub or tree simche cicerola acerola, barbados cherry, manzanita, wild crapemyrtle Sapotaceae Manilkara zapota (L. ) P. Royen tree hach ya chico zapote, sapote, zapote, zapotillo, zapote pink sapodilla, sapodilla Phyllanthacese Margarita nobilis L. f.